The Kilauea volcano could be considered as one of the world's most active volcanoes. It is the youngest and most southeastern volcano on the Big Island of Hawaii. Research shows that it extends to the surface from more than 60 km deep in the earth. The Kilauea volcano is a must to see while in Pahoa. BBOnline recommends the two following places to stay when visiting Pahoa: Coconut Cottage Bed and Breakfast, and Hale Makamae Bed and Breakfast.
Coconut Cottage Bed and Breakfast
13-1139 Leilani Avenue
Pahoa, Hawaii 96778
This top-rated Pahoa Bed and Breakfast offers beautiful tropical garden views, and is surrounded by fruit trees. It is located between Hilo and Volcanoes National Park in Puna, Leilani Estates district, and sits only 7 miles from a live lava flow. This gorgeous inn is just minutes from the black sandy beaches and interesting village of Pahoa. A delicious gourmet breakfast is served daily.
Hale Makamae Bed and Breakfast
13-3315 Makamae Street
Pahoa, Hawaii 96778
The beautiful Hale Makamae Bed and Breakfast is surrounded by lovely botanical gardens, and rests in the tropical area of Puna on the Big Island of Hawaii. This Pahoa Inn is also only minutes from a live lava flow. It offers private comfortable lodgings and a warm family environment. A delicious gourmet island breakfast is included with the stay.
The Kilauea Volcano - A Must to See
While experiencing the true feeling of old Hawaii in the quaint little town of Pahoa, visitors should definitely check out the active Kilauea volcano at the Hawaii Volcanoes National Park.
The Hawaii meaning of "Kilauea"
In Hawaii, the name "Kilauea" means "much spreading". This would be in reference to the flow of the lava after the volcano erupts.
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park
P.O. Box 52
Hawaii National Park, HI 96718-0052
The Hawaii Volcanoes National Park is on Highway 11, and is normally about a 45-minute drive from Hilo, which is about 15 to 20 minutes from Pahoa. This amazing National Park displays over 70 million years of volcanism. Here, visitors can view two of the world's most active volcanoes. They can bike the volcanoes, take backcountry hikes, camp for free, or drive through the park. A four-wheel drive vehicle is not necessary.
The Volcanic Eruptions
The Kilauea Volcano eruptions have been continuous since January 3rd, 1983 along the east rift zone with a total of 61 so far, not counting the continuous lava-lake activity in Halemaumau crater. Since 1952, there have been 34 eruptions.
The estimated age of the earliest subaerial (located near the surface of the earth) eruptions would be 50,000 to 100,000 years ago.
In 1992, lava crossed the Chain of Craters Road in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park and entered the ocean at Kamoamoa. Over the following month, flows buried the Kamoamoa archaeological site, the National Park picnic area and campground, and a black sand beach formed. By the end of May 2002, 189 structures were destroyed by an eruption.
Although the Kilauea Volcano is the youngest volcano in Hawaii, it is considered to be the most active one. This volcano erupts lava frequently enough to make it a serious hazard to many areas of the island. Over 90 percent of the surface of the volcano is covered with lava, compared to only 40 percent of the Mauna Loa active volcano.
When lava flows into the sea, huge fields of land can collapse into the ocean with very little or no warning. A growing lava delta is dangerous and should only be viewed from behind the sea cliffs. It is dangerous for visitors to walk on the sides of active littoral cones, as the intensity of the explosions could increase suddenly or the cone could actually collapse into the ocean without any warning.